India’s Ballistic Missile Defence (BMD) system | India Defence System

September 12, 2019 posted by


Recently India has decided to install its
homemade ballistic missile defense systems at two villages in the western state of Rajasthan.
The villages in Alwar and Pali are both less than 800 kilometers from the Pakistani capital
Islamabad. The counter attack missiles will be able to
provide double layered security with the capacity to shoot down enemy missiles both within the
earth’s atmosphere (endo-atmospheric) and outside it (exo-atmospheric) What is a Ballistic Missile Defence (BMD)
system? A BMD system is designed to protect any country
against potential incoming missile threat. It intercepts, targets and destroys enemy
missile en route. A missile travels through three phases�boost (when fired), mid-course
(when in air) and terminal (when it advances/descends towards its target). The anti-ballistic missiles
may be categorised in two parts based on their target range�endo-atmospheric (within the
earth’s atmosphere) and exo-atmospheric (in space). How does it work? A BMD system has three components�a radar,
a command-and-control system and a missile-launcher truck. The radar intercepts the enemy missile,
the command-and-control system tracks and targets the enemy missile and fires the interceptor
missile from the launcher truck when the enemy missile comes into the target range. Indian Ballistic Missile Defence Programme The Indian Ballistic Missile Defence Programme
is an initiative to develop and deploy a multi-layered ballistic missile defence system to protect
from ballistic missile attacks. Introduced in light of the ballistic missile
threat from mainly Pakistan, it is a double-tiered system consisting of two land and sea-based
interceptor missiles, namely the Prithvi Air Defence missile for high altitude interception,
and the Advanced Air Defence (AAD) Missile for lower altitude interception. The two-tiered
shield should be able to intercept any incoming missile launched from 5,000 kilometres away.
The system also includes an overlapping network of early warning and tracking radars, as well
as command and control posts. Prithvi Air Defence The Prithvi Air Defence is an anti-ballistic
missile developed to intercept incoming ballistic missiles outside the atmosphere (exo-atmospheric).
Based on the Prithvi missile, P A D is a two-stage missile with a maximum interception altitude
of 80 km (50 mi). The first stage is a Solid fuelled motor while the second stage is Liquid
fuelled. It has manoeuvre thrusters which can generate a lateral acceleration of more
than 5 gs at 50 km (31 mi) altitude. Guidance is provided by an intertial navigation system
with mid-course updates from LRTR and active radar homing in the terminal phase. PAD has
capability to engage the 300 to 2,000 km (190 to 1,240 mi) class of ballistic missiles at
a speed of Mach 5. LRTR is the target acquisition and fire control
radar for the PAD missile. It is an active phased array radar having capability to track
200 targets at a range of 600 km (370 mi).The PAD missile has also been called Pradyumna. Advanced Air Defence (AAD) Advanced Air Defence (AAD) is an anti-ballistic
missile designed to intercept incoming ballistic missiles in the endo-atmosphere at an altitude
of 30 km (19 mi). AAD is a single-stage, solid-fuelled missile. Guidance is similar to that of PAD:
it has an inertial navigation system, midcourse updates from ground based radar and active
radar homing in the terminal phase. It is 7.5 m (25 ft) tall, weighs around 1.2 t (1.2
long tons; 1.3 short tons) and a diameter of less than 0.5 m (1 ft 8 in). On 6 December 2007, AAD successfully intercepted
a modified Prithvi-II missile acting as an incoming ballistic missile enemy target. The
endo-atmospheric interception was carried out at an altitude of 15 km (9.3 mi). The
interceptor and all the elements performed in a copy book fashion validating the endo-atmospheric
layer of the defence system

1 Comment

One Reply to “India’s Ballistic Missile Defence (BMD) system | India Defence System”

  1. Hamza Ansari says:

    make tejas vs jf 17 and u will surely get subscribers

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