Safety Precautions for Medication Administration

September 13, 2019 posted by

Safety precautions should be used when
administering medication to children to reduce the spread of infection. Everyone
should follow the same precautions whenever coming in contact with body
fluids that could be infected, whether or not a child appears to be sick. Safety
precautions you use every day include: hand-washing, using gloves properly, and
cleaning and sanitizing dirty surfaces. When you give medication to children you
may come in contact with the child’s body fluids, such as nasal secretions,
saliva, tears, vomit, urine, stool, blood broken skin, and mucous membranes like
gums and nasal passages. Since these body fluids may be infected you need to
protect yourself by wearing gloves. To use gloves properly after you have
washed your hands put on a pair of new clean gloves. Never reuse gloves. Give the
medication or treatment. The gloves are now considered dirty. When you remove
your gloves remember to keep surfaces clean to clean and dirty to dirty. The
entire outside of the glove is considered dirty. To correctly remove
your glove take off the first glove by pulling at the palms and stripping the
glove off. Ball up the first glove in the palm of the other gloved hand to
minimize possible contact with germs. Use the clean non-gloved hand to strip off
the other glove by inserting a finger under the glove at the wrist and pushing
the glove up and over the balled glove in your palm. Drop the dirty gloves into
a plastic lined trash receptacle. The use of gloves does not replace the need to
wash your hands. You must always wash your hands after removing and disposing
of gloves. Remember, surfaces that have been exposed
to blood and other body fluids must be cleaned and then sprayed or wiped with a
sanitizing solution and allowed to air dry. Bleach solution is an effective and
inexpensive way to sanitize hard surfaces. However, you may use other EPA-approved products, following label directions for disinfecting or
sanitizing. The correct ratio for a spray bleach solution for surfaces
contaminated with blood or other body fluids is one tablespoon of bleach
mixed with one quart of water. The solution must be made fresh daily and
any leftover solution should be discarded at the end of each day. When
disinfecting contaminated surfaces wear gloves. Wash the surface with soap and
water and rinse it until clear. Spray the surface with a disinfecting solution
until it glistens and let it sit for at least two minutes. Do not spray surfaces
when children are at or near them. Wipe with a paper towel or let air dry. Put
all materials that have been exposed to blood and other body fluids, including
their gloves and a securely tied plastic bag and throw it away. Finally, wash your
hands thoroughly under running water. Following these safety precautions can
help keep you and the children healthier by reducing the spread of infection in
your program.

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