TOP-5 Ballistic Missile Defence (BMD) System in the World

November 9, 2019 posted by

TOP-5 Ballistic Missile Defence (BMD) system
in the world. In the past decade, the competition has grown
worldwide to deploy BMD systems. Recently, North Korea has tested four missiles which
threaten the US. In a quick reaction, the US started deplying the THAAD system in South
Korea. China believes THAAD. will impact its security concerns. What is a Ballistic Missile Defence (BMD)
system? A BMD system is designed to protect any country
against potential incoming missile threat. It intercepts, targets and destroys enemy
missile en route. A missile travels through three phases—boost (when fired), mid-course
(when in air) and terminal (when it advances/descends towards its target). The anti-ballistic missiles
may be categorised in two parts based on their target range—endo-atmospheric (within the
earth’s atmosphere) and exo-atmospheric (in space). How does it work?
A BMD system has three components—a radar, a command-and-control system and a missile-launcher
truck. The radar intercepts the enemy missile, the command-and-control system tracks and
targets the enemy missile and fires the interceptor missile from the launcher truck when the enemy
missile comes into the target range. The US, Russia, Israel and China have advanced
BMD systems. Here are the leading BMD systems. USA’s THAAD. Lockheed Martin’s Terminal High Altitude Area
Defense (THAAD.) is another fierce BMD system. It also uses hit-to-kill technology to destroy
enemy missiles by kinetic energy. THAAD has a range of 200 km and can reach an altitude
of 150 km. It is equipped with an X-Band Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA) radar,
fire control and communication support equipment and a truck launcher. The US is the only operator
of THAAD while Japan, Taiwan, South Korea and the UAE have shown interest in the system. Russia’s S-400 Triumf and S-500. Russia’s S-400 is again one of the most advanced
BMD and anti-aircraft system named Growler by NATO. S-400 is capable of creating a multi-layered
defence by firing three types of missiles. It can track 300 targets and can destroy around
three dozen of them. It has a range of 400 kilometers and an altitude of 185 kilometers
(607,000 feet). Some media reports also claimed that the S-400 has been armed with an improved
variant of 48N6E2 missile (used in S-300PMU-2) with a range of 250 kilometers. Russia owns
and operates S-400 and S-500. India and China have inked deals with Russia for acquiring
S-400 system while Iran has shown interest in it to upgrade its S-300 system. India Prithvi Air Defence (PAD) and Advanced
Air Defence (AAD). While two phase (PAD) and (AAD), capable of
destroying incoming targets at high and low altitude, was successfully tested. Test of
Advanced Air Defence (AAD) interceptor missile, which can kill the enemy missile at low altitude,
was a great success AAD (Advanced Air Defence missile) in India’s BMD system has been designed
to intercept incoming enemy missiles at an altitude of up to 30 km. Prithvi Air Defence
(PAD) interceptors can destroy incoming ballistic missiles launched from more than 2,000 km
away. The missiles will work in tandem to ensure a kill probability of 99.8 per cent. Patriot Advanced Capability-3. The Patriot missiles are powered by a track-via-missile
(TVM) system. The range of the PAC is 70 km and altitude is around 24 km. These new Patriot
missiles are equipped with hit-to-kill technology that makes them more effective. In hit-to-kill
technology, an enemy missile is destroyed by the interceptor missile by body-to-body
impact. A large amount of kinetic energy takes place during the impact to completely destroy
the threat. PAC-3 uses a Ka-band millimeter wave seeker. A maximum of 16 missiles can
be loaded on the truck launcher at one go. This system is used by Japan, South Korea
and the UAE. Israel SPYDER System. Israel’s SPYDER anti-cruise missile and anti-aircraft
system uses a low-level quick reaction missile to destroy targets up to 15 km away and at
an altitude nine km. SPYDER has one mobile command unit and six mobile firing units attached
to it. Its radar can intercept enemy missiles 25 km away and can fire the first missile
in just five seconds. Thank You For Watching. Please Like, Share,
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1 Comment

One Reply to “TOP-5 Ballistic Missile Defence (BMD) System in the World”

  1. Fatih Arif says:

    i ask to everyone ıf it pass a mistake person' s hand than WHAT WILL BE HAPPEN? and WHY?

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